Exploring Types of Roofing Materials

There are four types of Residential Roofing available, each with at least two options. Deciding which type will best suit the home can be determined by a professional inspection and assessment. Recommendations and estimates narrow down the feasible possibilities and allow homeowners to make informed decisions. Considerations include the climate, structure of the home, budget, and preferences.

Sloped Roofing

A pitch that is more than twenty degrees is known as a sloped roof. This is the most common type of residential roofs today. Asphalt singles are cost-effective and available in many sizes and colors. Three-tabs single laminate shingles are what can be seen in neighborhoods across the country. The other option is architectural shingles. These have dual lamination for superior protection against moisture, rain, and snow.

Metal roofs are gaining popularity because they are durable with little to no maintenance required. Rain water drains better and there are no cracks and crevices to trap moisture. Snow is easier to remove compared to shingles because large sections exist rather than individual components. This roof type is available in custom steel or aluminum or an interlocking system that is measured and factory made to accommodate the size of the home.

Flat Roofs

Typically associated with commercial roofing, these roofs are found on sheds and garages as well as homes. Rubber roofs are either G.E.M. or Euroshield made-materials. Single-ply systems, marketed as TPO or EPDM, are most cost-effective to have installed but will need to be replaced more often that multiple-ply roofs. BUR and modified bitumen roofs, for example, will cost more to install and will last longer.

Other Components

Once the roof type is selected, it is important to decide upon soffits and Eavestroughs, which are also known as gutters. The soffit ensures ventilation to keep moisture to a minimum. The gutter system, or eavestrough system is needed for proper drainage of water, snow, ice, and debris. This keeps damaging water away from the roof and the siding. A professional inspection of these will indicate if repairs or replacements are necessary.


Proper maintenance and periodic inspections are essential to make sure the roof is in excellent condition. Leaks that are not repaired, cracks or dents that get worse, and clogged sections that remain obstructed will cost homeowners a great deal of time and money. In addition to the roofing, insulation will need to be replaced, walls may be weakened, and damage can be severe.